IRS Acquiesces to Court Ruling Regarding the Valuation of Gifted Stock

IRS Acquiesces to Court Ruling Regarding the Valuation of Gifted Stock

News story posted in Judicial on 26 January 1999| comments
audience: National Publication | last updated: 18 May 2011
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Summary

In an AOD 1999-001, the IRS has acquiesced to the Second Circuit's ruling in Eisenberg v. Commissioner, 155 F.3d 50 (1998), which held that when valuing closely held stock which is the subject of a gift, an adjustment for potential capital gains tax liabilities should be applied, regardless of whether a liquidation or sale of the Corporation's assets was planned at the time of the gift.

PGDC SUMMARY:

In AOD 1999-001, the IRS has acquiesced to the Second Circuit's ruling in Eisenberg v. Commissioner, 155 F.3d 50 (1998), which held that when valuing closely held stock which is the subject of a gift, an adjustment for potential capital gains tax liabilities should be applied, regardless of whether a liquidation or sale of the Corporation's assets was planned at the time of the gift.

POINTS TO PONDER:

Would this case also apply to reduce the charitable tax deduction on a gift of stock in a closely held corporation holding assets which have "built-in gain?"

FULL TEXT:

ACTION ON DECISION 1999-001

It is the policy of the Internal Revenue Service to announce at an early date whether it will follow the holdings in certain cases. An Action on Decision is the document making an announcement. an Action on Decision will be issued at the discretion of the Service only on unappealed issues decided adverse to the government. Generally, an Action on Decision is issued where its guidance would be helpful to Service personnel working with the same or similar issues. Unlike a Treasury Regulation or a Revenue Ruling, an Action on Decision is not an affirmative statement of Service position. It is not intended to serve as public guidance and may not be cited as precedent.

Actions on Decision shall be relied upon within the Service only as conclusions applying the law to the facts in the particular case at the time the Action on Decision was issued. Caution should be exercised in excluding the recommendation of the Action on Decision to similar cases where the facts are different. Moreover, the recommendation in the Action on Decision may be superseded by new legislation, regulations, rulings, cases, or Actions on Decisions. Prior to 1991, the Service published acquiescence or nonacquiescence only in certain regular Tax Court opinions. The Service has expanded its acquiescence program to include other civil tax cases where guidance is determined to be helpful. Accordingly, the Service now may acquiesce or nonacquiesce in the holdings of memorandum Tax Court opinions, as well as those of the United States District Courts, Claims Court, and Circuit Courts of Appeal. Regardless of the court deciding the case, the recommendation of any Action on Decision will be published in the Internal Revenue Bulletin.

The recommendation in every Action on Decision will be summarized as acquiescence, acquiescence in result only, or nonacquiescence. Both "acquiescence" and "acquiescence in result only" mean that the Service accepts the holding of the court in a case and that the Service will follow it in disposing of cases with the same controlling facts. However, "acquiescence" indicates neither approval nor disapproval of the reasons assigned by the court for its conclusions; whereas, "acquiescence in result only" indicates disagreement or concern with some or all of those reasons. Nonacquiescence signifies that, although no further review was sought, the Service does not agree with the holding of the court and, generally, will not follow the decision in disposing of cases involving other taxpayers. In reference to an opinion of a circuit court of appeals, a nonacquiescence indicates that the Service will not follow the holding on a nationwide basis. However, the Service will recognize the precedential impact of the opinion on cases arising within the venue of the deciding circuit.

The announcements published in the weekly Internal Revenue Bulletins are consolidated semiannually and annually. The semiannual consolidation appears in the first Bulletin for July and in the Cumulative Bulletin for the first half of the year, and the annual consolidation appears in the first Bulletin for the following January and in the Cumulative Bulletin for the last half of the year.

The Commissioner ACQUIESCES in the following decisions:

Eisenberg v. Commissioner, /1/ 155 F.3d 50 (2d Cir. 1998)

The Commissioner WITHDRAWS the following decision:

Larotonda v. Commissioner, /3/ 89 T.C. 287 (1987)
Murrilo v. Commissioner, /2/ T.C. Memo 1998-13

FOOTNOTES

/1/ Acquiescence relating to whether a discount for potential capital gains tax liabilities may be applied in valuing closely-held stock.

/2/ Acquiescence in result only relating to whether the forfeiture of an Individual Retirement Account ("IRA") to the United States pursuant to a civil proceeding causes the IRA owner to be liable for the 10 percent early distribution tax under I.R.C. section 72(t).

/3/ Withdrawal relating to whether petitioner's constructive receipt of a Keogh account distribution by virtue of the government's levy on the account causes the Keogh owner to also be liable for the 10 percent early distribution tax under I.R.C. section 72(m)(5).

END OF FOOTNOTES

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